Minutes of the 1st meeting of the SAAH 2017-2018 Season
The first meeting of SAAH Inc. 2017-2018 season was called to order by President William Zanella at 7:15 PM at the East-West Center gallery. He introduced the new officers: himself, Vice President James Langworthy, Secretary Dierdre Lau, and Treasurer Carolyn Haik. Dr. Zanella then introduced Dr. Richard Vuylsteke, who has been president of the East-West Center since January 2017. Dr. Vuylsteke spoke about his career and his vision for the Center, including his support for the arts, and thanked SAAH members for their past and ongoing support of the Center. A motion to make him an honorary SAAH member was passed by acclamation. Feng Yunshan, an MFA student from Guangzhou, China, who is in her second year of comparative studies in Asian theater performance at UHM, and Tung Yuan-hsin, a doctoral candidate at UHM in ethnomusicology and an erhu player from Taiwan, were awarded their scholarships from SAAH.
Program Chair Li Lundin presented the programs, dates, and venues for the current season*:
Monday October 2 - Dr. Steven Salel on James Michener-Linekona
Monday November 6 -Tom Haar on Karuizawa Dreamscape-Linekona
Monday January 8 - Dr. Paul Rausch on SE Asian films- Linekona
Monday February 3 - HMA DirectorSean O'Harrow on the Dog year-Maple Garden
Monday March 5 - Dr.Zoe Kwok on Princeton University Asian art-Linekona
Monday April 2 - Dr. Lee Siegal TBA-Linekona
Saturday May 5 - Annual Meeting-TBA
- note: all programs are subject to change and confirmation of each program is made through email or mail notification for each scheduled meeting. Treasurer Carolyn Haik announced that our current FHB balance is $38,564.94
Guests were introduced, hopefully to be new membership candidates.
Jane and Dan Katayama were thanked for their hospitality in preparing our repast, bartender and all.
Cecilia Doo announced the opening of HMA's show: Abstract Expressionism and encouraged our attendance.
Li Lundin invited us to visit the Ravizza Brownfield Gallery in Chinatown at 1109 Nuuanu Avenue to see the project of Taiji Terasaki, "Feeding the Immortals," at 10:30 AM Saturday 16 September and to gather for lunch at Fete Restaurant across the street.
Michael Schuster gave our group a walking tour through the gallery show, "Tree of Life," a theme found worldwide in Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, Daoist, and Indonesian cultures.The show has motifs manifested in mixed media: textiles, basketry, paintings, jewelry, stone, leather, horn, wood and metal. In the exhibit were a miniature painted obi, Indian chikan kari white on white fine embroidery ,Cambodian silk ikat, Filipino banana fiber ikat, an Iranian travelling prayer rug, papercuts from Shanghai, red and white shibori, a kimono by Edric Ong, a stunning woven rattan hat, and an unpainted tree of life of leather and horn from Malaysia. We had a large turn-out and everyone appeared to be having a good time despite the warm weather and the end of summer.
Respectfully submitted, Dierdre Lau, secretary
Minutes of the May 6, 2017 Annual Meeting
Celebrating SAAH’s 45th Anniversary, KCC Ka'Ikena Dining Room, Ohela Building PRESENT: Officers: Li Lundin, President; Dr. Bill Won, Vice President; Leona Hee, Treasurer; Didi Lau/Sanna Deutsch, Co-Secretaries; Millie Liu, Past President; Board Directors and Chairs of the Program, Venue, Membership and Scholarship Committees: Vivien Stackpole, Darryl Wong, K.T. Yao, Roberta Sullivan, Dr. James Langworthy, Dr. Ernie Lee and Li Lundin. Members Howard and Mary Ann Rogers from the Big Island and Guests of Members, the Katayamas and Langworthys. Scholarship students, Katie Patrick and Baixin Chen. 61 attendees.
President Li Lundin welcomed those present and called the meeting to order at 6:10 P.M. She took this opportunity to call upon hosts to introduce non-member guests.
The first item on the agenda was to establish voting procedures, and to introduce candidates for offices to be filled during the following 2017-2018 term. Having confirmed that there was the necessary quorum present, Li then introduced the current and forthcoming members of the Society who served, will continue to serve or be among the newly elected to serve as Society officials, and asked Past President Millie Liu, to explain and administer the procedures.
In the interim period, while awaiting election results, a very well planned, delicious and healthy buffet dinner, was enjoyed by all. Afterwards, University of Hawaii Scholarship recipient of the SAAH award, Baixin Chen, who is completing his BA of Fine Arts degree specializing in casting bronze gave an exciting slide presentation on his bronze sculptures and graduation project, inspired by Prof. Kate Lingley’s Sculpture of China and Prof. John Szostak’s Applied Art of Japan courses, as well as his 3D printing experiments; and Katie Patrick, recipient of the Rhoda Hackler Scholarship award, completed her Masters degree in the Drama Department, specializing in the performance and crafts associated with the Japanese traditional comic genre, Kyogen, gave a power- point based on her academic accomplishments. Katie also informed us that she will be going to study in Japan at the Kabuki Museum, with her mentor, Oguri Sachie, as a Fulbright Scholar. Member Bill Feltz commented on the importance of the Society's mission to help support students, based on the impressive academic performances of Baixin and Katie. A sentiment that was shared by all at present.
A short business meeting followed. As outgoing President Li thanked the SAAH board for their moral support, and help with administrative chores. Vice President Bill Won then took this opportunity to praise Li for her labors in securing harmony and strength within the organization. This was followed by reports byTreasurer, Leona Hee, who recorded the total of $39003.74 in SAAH bank account, $4490 in Rhoda Hackler Fund, $4350 in Susan Burghardt Fund, and by Membership Committee chairperson, K.T. Yao, who reported that currently the Society had 59 paid members, and 5 honorary members, 2 student members.
Li, as Program Chair, then distributed a list of SAAH's 2016-2017 Programs, from September 7th through May 6th, totalling 8 lectures and 2 tours. She was especially pleased to report on the success of the April 15th visit to the Bellinger's House and Garden, and thanked Masako and Roger for their gracious hospitality, their sharing of their treasures, knowledge and the pleasures of collecting.
At 8:50 P.M., Millie announced the results of the election of candidates – the new slate of officers who had won unanimous approval - as follows:
President: Dr. William Zanella
Vice-President:Dr. James Langworthy
Secretary: Diedre Lau
Treasurer: Carolyn Haik
Program Chair: Li Lundin
Venue Co-Chairs: Vivien Stackpole, Darryl Wong
Membership Chair: K.T.Yao
Scholarship Committee: Dr. William Zanella, Li Lundin, Jeffrey Hackler, Diane Perushek; Ray Burghardt
New Board Members 2017-2020: Don Hibbard, Diane Perushek
As Dr. William Zanella, President Elect, was traveling abroad, Dr. James Langworthy, new Vice President spoke on his behalf. He cited how well qualified Bill Z was to head the Society, and to advance its two missions: 1. to provide stimulating programs, featuring excellent speakers with a wide range of expertise in Asian arts, and to see to it that members also enjoy good companionship with like-minded art lovers, and good food; 2. to sustain scholarship programs that encourages young talents to further develop the knowledge of, and/or practice of, traditional and contemporary Asian arts.
The final item on the agenda was one that was the keenly anticipated talk by Mary Ann Rogers, Co-Founder of Kaidodo Asian art gallery, titled, River of Stars. A review by Diedre Lau, Secretary, follows. Minutes of River of Stars, presented by Dr. Mary Ann Rogers, Co-Founder of Kaikodo Asian Art Gallery.
Dr. Mary Ann Rogers and her husband, Howard, lived in Kita Kamakura, Japan for over twenty years from the 1970's doing research and teaching. She is a graduate of U. C. Berkeley and the University of London. Howard lectured on Chinese Art at Sophia University in Tokyo, while Mary Ann was a frequent lecturer at the Sophia and the College Women's Association of Japan and a researcher at the Idemitsu Museum of Arts. They formed the company, Kaikodo (the Hall of Embracing Antiquity) in 1983, as their personal collection in Chinese bronzes, paintings and ceramics expanded. Their focus was on high aesthetic quality Asian antiquities and paintings dedicated to the acquisition and sale of works of art-historical interest and importance.
In 1996 they opened an elegant gallery in a NYC townhouse. In 2005 they moved to two floors in a building on 74 East 79th Street. Their current exhibition is Twenty years of Contemporary Ink Art at Kaikodo. We were fortunate to have Mary Ann present us with a slide lecture on Kaikodo’s previous exhibition, River of Stars. The collection included a stoneware of Song sgraffitoed vase paired with a large early Qing polychrome porcelain covered jar, a Song black glazed stoneware jar, a natural stone landscape plaque from Dali, China, an exquisite green-glazed Han tower with archers, Roman glass jars found in China, a beautifully restored rare set of seven Western Han lacquer boxes of gold and silver appliqué, an 11th Century Northern Song scalloped lacquer plate, 17th Century ink-stones, a painted Japanese folding fan, an early Yue celadon vase, a Ming longquan celadon vase with Arabic script for export, and monumental traditional style ink paintings by Luo Jian wu and Wang Mansheng. Among the images of contemporary art, she showed Chinese artists, Tseng Yuho and Li Huaiyi. You could say it was a visual dessert to end our banquet!
There being no further business, the formal proceedings of the meeting ended at 8:40 P.M.
Respectfully submitted, Sanna Saks Deutch and Dierdre Lau
Minutes of the 6th meeting of the SAAH 2016-2017 SeasonPresident Li Lundin called the meeting to order at 7 PM. 40 persons were present. Tom Klobe, a retired professor of Islamic art and Director Emeritus of the UH Art Gallery, Manoa, delighted our audience with his Iranian table set with traditional items usually in groups of seven. Even the items favor the letter S, as in sumac. Food items included apples, decorated boiled eggs, olives, vinegar, and sprouting wheatgrass. Non food items included a mirror, goldfish, and coins. A Minnesota farm boy, Tom, moved to Honolulu with his family and studied graphic arts at UH Manoa under Kenneth Kingrey. He signed up for the Peace Corps during the John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Viet Nam War years. The Shah was still in power. He is assigned to Iran, where he manages to live in the village of Alang near the southern edge of the Caspian Sea near the Soviet border instead of a larger town or Tehran or Shiraz. Not only does he have to adjust to a new language of Farsi but a whole new world of behavior and customs. Iran was Islamicized in the 7th century A.D. but is based on Persian Zoroastrian roots. The environment in Alang is rustic...no running water or toilets. He teaches English, creates a home in Alang, makes lifetime friends, and visits other ancient sites via rickety buses and dangerous roadways including Mashad, where as a foreigner, he is almost incarcerated at the Imam Reza Shrine. He survives the presentation and eating of kalle pache, a dish of whole sheep heads on a tray, drenched with oily broth. The Shrine is shimmering gold with blue tiles and is filled with hundreds of pilgrims. Inside there is an intensity of grief and mourning. Imam Reza is the most holy saint of Shia Islam. Following a reading from his book, a Young American in Iran, about his visit to Mashad, Tom showed some slides of the highlights. Refreshments included Iranian chicken meatballs, grapeleaf dolmas, pita with feta cheese spread, grapes, dates, and wine provided by Vivien, Darryl, Dierdre, and Millie. On Mar 9 Li was the translator for a talk between Shawn Eichman and Zhan Wang at the HoMA as part of the Honolulu Biennial 2017 program. Director Sean O’Harrow introduced Fumio Nanjo of the Mori Museum in Tokyo who explained why Zhan Wang’s work – the two rocks in front of HoMA’s front lawn – was selected for the Biennial. April 15 is the date for the visit to the home of Roger and Masako Bellinger in Aiea. SAAH’s next meeting will be on April 21, at Linekona. Katherine Don of Sotheby's will be the guest speaker. - - -
Minutes of the Chinese New Year Banquet, February 4, 2017SAAH celebrated the Chinese Year of the Fire Rooster with a dinner at Maple Garden on Saturday 4 February. This was our fifth gathering of the season. We held a silent auction of Susan Burghardt's Liuli pate de verre glass collection, that she willed to SAAH. Vivien Stackpole and Wayne Morioka did a wonderful job of displaying the items, which brought in $2510, which will be put into a one-time fund for scholarship. Seventy persons, including new HoMA director Sean O'Harrow, attended and enjoyed dinner and a timely lecture on roosters by Dr. John Szostack, who was introduced by President Li Lundin. He remarked that UH students such as his former students Brady Evans and Kamran Samimi, who were in attendance, really appreciate the SAAH scholarships they received. Formerly unknown, Ito Jakuchu (1716-1800), known for his rooster paintings, is now very collectible. His work is included in the Japanese Imperial Collection. An example of his work is a colorful fusuma screen of six sections in the Saifukuji Temple in Osaka, which displays idealized naturalism. Jakuchu was the son of a grocer, Matsuya, in the Nishiki food district. He was influenced by five sources, the first being Song Chinese academic painting of birds and flowers. Secondly, he was influenced by Japanese Rimpa style painting with its rich color and gold background. Jakuchu used urahaku technique, whereby gold leaf is attached on the back of the silk ground and glimmers through the fabric in the front. Thirdly, he incorporated literati Chinese painting influences. He used crease-line painting with wet wash painting. Fourthly, he practiced shashi or analytical rendering. Lastly he used copy books, and he copied himself. For example in Ducks and Blossoming Plum in Snow Jakuchu has a frontal duck and a duck submerged in water with his tail up. He repeated these motifs in other works with variations on a theme. Why roosters? Dr. Szostack said the sound for good luck and rooster are a homonym and thus a rebus. The rooster wears a crown on his head, which implies superior scholarship. The rooster with spurs on his legs infers military might shows courage and fortitude. Seeing the sun, he is a gentleman who awakens the flock and at night he fulfills duty as a night guard. We welcomed in the new Chinese year of the rooster with friends food and fun! Much mahalo to Li Lundin for planning the event, Bill Won for selecting the menu, Leona Hee and Brady Evans for collecting payment, Didi Lau for designating seating, Darryl for the centerpiece bullocks, and Vivien and Wayne for producing the silent auction.....and Susan for being so generous in her final days. Respectfully Submitted, Dierdre Lau, Co-Secretary
Minutes of the Fourth Meeting, January 9, 2017
The fourth meeting of the SAAH, INC. calendar year was called to order at 7:10pm at Linekona by President Li Lundin. A large turnout of approximately 50 persons attended. Guests Trish O'Neil, Jack Sullivan, Betty Brow, Sam Kristensen and new member, Carolyn Haik, a vp at First Hawaiian Bank, were introduced. Sean O'Harrow, the new director of HoMA, invited by SAAH member and HoMA trustee, Indru Watumull, introduced himself and gave a brief personal sketch of his background and interests: Irish father, Vietnamese mother, UH Lab School grad, Harvard, plays cello in a chamber music group, 18th Century Japanese painting, Chinese ceramics, and Korean Silla ceramics.
Delicious Chinese noodles, pot stickers, wine, and other refreshment were provided by Karl and Sylvia Cheng to the delight of our attendees. They were aided by Jane and Dan, Darryl, Vivien, Li, and Ernie.
President Lundin updated us on future events: our annual Chinese New Year banquet on 4 February Saturday at Maple Garden, when Dr. John Szostak will speak on Ito Jakuchu's rooster paintings, this being the year of the fire rooster; a talk on Iranian New Year by Tom Klobe on 6 March; a tour with member Don Hibbard of the Liljestrand house in Tantalus by the late architect Vladmir Ossipoff. Owner, Dr. Howard Liljestrand, was born in Chongqing, China and a SAAH member and had SAAH events at his house before he passed away.
Our film program, The First Monday of May, took us through planning a Metropolitan Museum of Art blockbuster, a joint presentation of the Met Costume Institute, led by Curator Andrew Bolton and the Met Asian Art Department with focus on an opening fundraising gala, a fusion of fashion and celebrity hype, coordinated by VOGUE Chief Editor Anna Wintour that raised $12.5 million for the museum. The exhibition, China Through the Looking Glass, which opened in 2015, utilized a huge team to plan, coordinate, and install. Retiring Costume Institute head, Harold Koda, who is from Hawaii, Wong Kar Wai, film producer of the film "I'm in The Mood for Love", and Wendi Deng Murdoch (formally married to Rupert Murdoch) were on the planning team. In planning the exhibit there was much debate about presenting Chinese inspired couture while avoiding any demeaning aspects. They did not want to border on clichés and approached it with an intellectual attitude.
With an attendance of over 800,000 persons this show successfully bypassed the attendance of the Met Costume Institute's previous blockbuster on the late Alexander McQueen in 2011. Galliano and Lagerfield gave opinions of clothing as art. In this case a fantasized idea of China was the designers'
inspiration. Approximately 150 garments spanned the 20th century and were displayed in completely darkened and transformed Chinese galleries. Displayed in elegant groupings: imperial yellow silk embroidered garments; rust-orange embroidered fringed silk scarves; blue and white outfits displayed along with blue and white porcelain; 1930's chinoiserie wall paper of birds and flowers with like inspired outfits; sexy qi paos that recall 1930's Shanghai; steamy Anna May Wong outfits; and padded Maoish outfits. The mannequins' head pieces were works of art. Videos of the appropriate historical periods were combined with static displays. The main sculpture gallery was centered by a 1000 piece-plus bamboo-like Plexiglas forest interspersed with mannequins. The total effect was a stunning metamorphosis of the Met's Chinese galleries!!!
Dierdre Lau, Co-Secretary
Minutes of the 3rd Meeting, Nov. 7, 2016The third meeting of the 2016 season of SAAH, Inc. was held on 7 November 2016 at Linekona. There were thirty-plus present, including new members, Claudia MacLeod and Cora Kam. Prof. Hong Jiang from the Department of Geography UH Manoa gave an enlightening discourse on tea as culture in Chinese tradition. She is currently researching ideas in nature in Chinese thought connected to tea and Daoism. Tea (camellia sinensis) has been grown in the southern Chinese provinces of Sichuan and Yunnan for thousands of years as trees and predominantly as bushes. Tea is used to awaken both body and soul and must be processed and brewed properly with good water. Originally, leaves were compressed into cakes. Lu Yu authored The Classic of Tea, which states the following historic dates: 2737 BC. Shennong Period: Tea used as medicine and for detoxification. 1600 BC.Zhou Dynasty: Tea first used as tribute. 547-490 BC. Tang Dynasty: Tea becomes very popular and the classics of tea develops: proper tea processing, water, tools utensils,and drinking. 960-1279. Song Dynasty: Tea houses flourished. Porcelain and clay teapots and black tea bowls developed and were used in tea contests. Poetry (by Su Dong Bo) and painting (poet in a hut embedded in the landscape) reflected the need for tranquility: a quiet heart and a still mind. The Japanese brought Chan ideals to Japan and there it developed into Zen and chanoyu, Japanese tea ceremony. The meeting was adjourned, and refreshments were provided by Jim and Ning Langworthy. Respectfully submitted, Dierdre Lau, Co-Secretary
Minutes of the 2nd Meeting, Oct 3, 2016The second meeting of SAAH. Inc. was held on 3 October at Linekona 101. President Li Lundin introduced everyone. Treasurer Leona Hee reported the following: First Hawaiian Bank $36,480: SAAH Fund $33,040 Hackler Fund $3440 There are 33 out of 78 who have paid their dues for the year. Please send in your membership dues!!1 Dr. Jayson Makoto Chun gave a spirited and illuminating presentation on the prevailing significance of manga and anime, which is now a 3.5 billion dollar industry. To interest a new generation in Asian history he is using this popular media culture. His class is the most popular at UH W.Oahu. He presented a historical evolution of manga (crooked pictures) in three parts: premodern roots (Shinto/nature and kami/spirits; animals); early modern roots (Tokugawa era 1600-1868. Hokusai faces, namban cartoons, exposure to Western cartoons eg. Betty Boop and big eyes; and postwar roots (Tezuka Osamu (1926-1989), the godfather of manga and the creator of Astro Boy whose dynamic anime style featured continuing storylines, camera angles and limited animation. Having survived the Osaka bombing he despised violence). Compared to American comics, manga uses symbols with minimal text. There are two types of manga: shonen manga for young boys and shojo manga for young girls, who are the largest audience . Ninety percent of anime artists are female. The Japanese had no film industry like Hollywood in America. Under budget constraints in the 1960's they used manga techniques, which were fluid like Disney or mostly dynamic with limited animation. Rudolph The Red Nose Reindeer was produced in Japan, translated to English and distributed by Disney, who took Jungle Taitei (White Lyon) and made it into The Lion King! Dr. Chun illustrated his points with an overwhelming number of slides. Here are some of his recommendations listed by the location they can be found at: Netflix
Your Lie in April (pic quality not that good) Hulu
Your Lie in April
Your Lie in April Anohana (The Flower We Saw That Day)
Cowboy Bebop (from the 1990's, but a classic; more science fiction) Hawaii State Library DVD's
Ghost in the Shell
My Neighbor Totoro
Grave of the Fireflies
Five Centimeters Per Second
Garden of Words Respectfully submitted, Dierdre Lau
Minutes of the 1st Meeting, Sept 7, 2016
President Li Lundin called the first meeting of the SAAH 2016-2017 season to order at 7:10 pm at the East-West Center Gallery. She welcomed the membership and their guests. Treasurer Leona Hee reported that we had a balance at First Hawaiian Bank of $35,624 in September 2015 and as of August 2016 we have a balance of $36,480 of which $5,940 is in the Hackler Scholarship Fund. The auction at the May annual banquet at KCC brought in a gross of $2,791. Do not forget to renew your annual dues of $75 by 15 October 2016. Additional donations are more than welcome. The minutes of the May 7, 2016 Annual Meeting were approved of.
K.T. Yao, our new membership chair, reported that she has updated the SAAH directory and that we have 77 members. 37 attended this meeting. Vivien Stackpole Venue Co-chair with Darryl Wong thanked the Katayamas who laid out a bountiful spread that included Chinese moon cakes of the Autumn Festival. She needs two more refreshment volunteers for Oct 3 program. Please contact her.
Dr. Bill Zanella gave a brief description of requirements for eligibility of scholarship applicants, which require candidates to be currently enrolled in Asia-related art courses. He presented Baixin Chen, who is a local resident, the 2016-2017 SAAH Scholarship of $2500. Baixin is majoring in sculpture, working on his MFA, taking applied arts of Japan, India, and Southeast Asia, and is planning to go into product design imaging. Jeffrey Hackler presented the 2016-2017 Hackler Scholarship Of $2500 to MFA candidate Kaitlyn Patrick, who hails from Indiana. She is majoring in costume design at U.H. and will study Kyogen costume design in Japan after her May 2017 graduation.
Eric Chang, EWC Arts Program Coordinator, gave a brief talk about the current exhibition, CHINA: Through the Lens of John Thomson 1869-1872. John Thomson managed to capture the depth of character of his images despite the cumbersome mass of equipment he had to use, i.e. compare to iPhone camera. He caught honest though staged photographs of a great spectrum of China during a tumultuous period. This exhibit and the exhibit on President Barack Obama's mother, Ann Dunham, have been the gallery's most popular. The next gallery exhibition will be AYANUJI: Okinawa's Traditional Culture opening 25 September 2016-8 January 2017.
Guest speaker Douglas D. L. Chong, President of Hawaii Chinese History Center, delivered an entertaining and humorous talk on Early Chinese in Hawaii: Historic Photographs from Traditional to Transitional. Preserving Chinese history in Hawaii has resulted in twelve books and a huge photograph collection. Chinese first came to Hawaii in 1789, when some cabin boys jumped ship! Chong's grandfather came to Hawaii in 1846. He is the fifth generation and speaks five dialects: Chong's father was from Chungshan where Bunti was spoken. His mother spoke Namlong and Guangdong dialects and he learned Mandarin at Mung Lun Chinese School and Hakka from his wife.
Those from Chungshan were the largest group and were distinguished from the Hakka. Through photos we saw bound feet, unbound feet, full Chinese dress, combinations of dress: women in traditional attire and men in semi Western but with queues. As time passed, traditional attire was saved for burial. By 1930 the one-piece cheongsam developed. Photographers included J. Williams, Gonsalves, Chun Zhou, and On Char, who gave his collection: 16000 glass plates to Chong with and an index. Some interesting photos included many family portraits, Mung Lun School with 1000 students, and Fong Inn Store with Chinese and curly Koa Mission-style furniture.
Douglas Chong has been teaching genealogy for fifty years (before Alex Haley). He recommends putting old photos in an acid-free plastic sleeve with names, dates and character descriptions etc. on a separate sheet of paper. Gathering information for a genealogy takes time and patience.
This was a nostalgic tour of one aspect of local culture in Hawaii.
Early Chinese in Hawaii: Historic Photographs from Traditional to Transitional
Respectfully submitted, Didi Lau for Susan Burghardt - - -
Minutes of the Annual Meeting, May 7, 2016 Kapiolani Community College, Ohelo Dining RoomPresident Li Lundin welcomed 72 attendees at 6PM. She thanked this years’ board and committee chairs for their hard work. Then Past President Millie Liu explained that ballots for the election of next year’s board would be distributed to members only and collected during dinner. They encouraged everyone to continue bidding on the silent auction during dinner until 8:40 when the auction would close. The 37 members, constituting a quorum, were given ballots by Susan Burghardt and collected by Bill Zanella. Ballots were counted by Darryl Wong. During dinner, presentations were made by Anna Reynolds, who will graduate shortly with a PhD degree in Asian Theater and Kamran Samimi, with a Masters of Fine Art in Sculpture and Painting. Anna Reynolds described her research into the new forms being introduced into the Legong dance in Bali, the well-known dance depicting traditional stories as imagined by young girls. She has done extensive research there, finding a flourishing of new ideas she has discovered, still within a commonly understood choreography which she particularly observed at a summer arts festival in Bali. She teaches Balinese dance at UH with her husband Made. Kamran Samimi, showed slides of his work in a wide range of media: prints of augmented topography such as the Manoa Valley as viewed from space, monoprints from a basalt stone progressively crushed by the press, bamboo sculpture in front of the Honolulu Museum, kinetic art arrangements of collected stones and his thesis piece, a nine foot tall arrangement of plexiglass slices in various sizes, illuminated at the top. He is currently working on a 250 foot mural at Ward Village, a wind map of the sea areas surrounding the main Hawaiian Islands. Then President Lundin started the business meeting giving her report. She said the Board is in the process of revising the by-laws. Kamran Samimi has greatly improved the SAAH web-site and it is completely up to date. SAAH has joined the Hawaiin Alliance of Non-Profit Organizations which advocates for members’ interests in the Hawaii Legislature, as well as providing a web forum for Society announcements. We also place notices of our meetings in the Star-Advertiser and Mid-Week. Vice-President William Won thanked everyone for coming to the meeting and urged everyone to continue bidding in the silent auction. Treasurer Leona Hee reported that the bank balance has been between 34 and 35 thousand over the course of the year. The current balance is $37,414.81 with $5,840 remaining in the Hackler Fund. Expenses have included web-site management, honoraria, meeting refreshments, meeting room rental and PO Box rental. Scholarship Chair Bill Zanella reported that SAAH awarded $2,500 scholarships to the two excellent candidates who presented at the meeting. He mentioned that the board has expanded the field of eligible subjects from Asian art history to anyone studying Asian-related arts. He stressed that the SAAH mission statement says the purpose of the group is to support the study of Asian art, specifically by awarding scholarships, so the more members donate, the more scholarships we can offer. Li Lundin, as Program Chair referred to the past years programs. They were: September 7, Threads of Hope, Dr. Cheri Vasek, Professor of Theater and Dance at UH at the East-West Center Gallery; October 5 , Early 21st Century Asian Contemporary Art, Jay Jensen, Honolulu Museum of Art Curator of Contemporary Art; Museum/Linekona, November 2, Beijing Fengshui, Professor Reginald Kwok, Maple Garden Restaurant; January 4, Contemporary Chinese Films, Dr. Cynthia Ning, Museum/Linekona; February 13, Burma Jade, David Lin, Maple Garden; March 7, Asia Influenced Architecture in Hawaii, Don Hibbard, former State Historian and Sidney Snyder, Vladimir Ossipoff’s partner, Museum/Linekona; April 4, Marbles to Combs, SAAH member Roger Bellinger, Museum/Linekona. In addition there were special tours: March 19, Kahaako art studios/Yayoi Kkusama’s installation at Ward Village, May 3, Honolulu Museum tour of exhibit “Art in a Time of Chaos”, Shawn Eichman, Asian Art Curator, Honolulu Museum, and May 17, upcoming tour of the private art collection of member Indru Watamull. Past President Millie Liu announced the voting result was unanimously in favor of the slate presented. The new board for the 2016-2017 Season will be: Officers: President Li Lundin, Vice-President Dr. William Won, Secretary Susan Burghardt, Treasurer Leona Hee and Dr. Rosita Chang, Past President Millie Liu. Board of Directors: Sanna Deutch and Dr. James Langworthy for 2016-2019, Dr. William Zanella and Roberta Sullivan for 2015-2018, Darryl Wong and Dr. Earnest Lee for 2014-2017. Members who have volunteered to serve as committee chairs are: Membership, KT Yao; Venue, Vivien Stackpole and Darryl Wong; and Scholarship, Dr. William Zanella. Then Anna Reynolds brilliantly performed a Legong dance. The silent auction closed and members left with their new treasures. Many, many members contributed to and volunteered their time for this event and for all of our activities throughout the year. First and foremost, our President Li Lundin, who also served as Program Chair and will continue in that role next year, even though she is earnestly searching for a co-chair to help her (all the programs are mostly set, she just needs some help!); Vice-President Dr. William Won, with a $2,000 donation to the scholarship fund and for helping with refreshments at meetings over the year; multiple hats worn by Bill Zanella, creating the guidelines and overseeing the scholarship selection as well as reviewing the by-laws; Vivien Stackpole,together with Wayne Morioka, Ernie Lee, Bill Won and Judy Murata who managed arranged and produced a stellar silent auction, right down to the crazy $15 surprise bags. Vivien also purchased the lovely orchid plants to decorate each table. Millie Liu, Election Master, and who bought beautiful lei the day before Mother’s Day! Bill and Karlyn Pearl for donating wine for the meeting refreshments for the entire year. Kamran Samimi, not only a scholarship recipient, but our wonderful webmaster and corresponding secretary, keeping the information flowing to members and the public face of the Society. Didi Lau with the seating for the Annual Meeting and Jane Katayama, who provided detailed notes on the complex logistics. Respectfully Submitted, Susan Burghardt, Secretary - - -
Minutes of the 7th Meeting, April 4th, 2016
President Li Lundin began the meeting by announcing 6 new members: Dawn Krause, Samantha Mcguire, KT Yao, Don Hibbard, Vincent Tai and Ada Mei Tai. Treasurer Leona Hee reported the balance in the bank at $32,607.93, of which $5,840 is designated for the Hackler Scholarship Fund.
A Collector’s Tale - From Marbles to Combs
Li announced that standing for election at the May 7th Annual Meeting are: Li Lundin, President; Dr. Bill Won, Vice-President; Leona Hee and Dr. Rosita Chang Co-Treasurers; Susan Burghardt, Secretary; Vivien Stackpole and Darryl Wong, Venue Co-Chairs; KT Yao, Membership Chair. Li needs a Program Co-Chair to work with her. Li announced a talk by Emily Sano, former Director of the San Francisco Asian Art Museum about the Kusama “Footprints of Life” exhibit at Ward Village on April 13. Member Bronwyn Solyom announced that she would be giving a talk at the UH Brachman Hall on Jean Charlot on April 5th. She would be happy to arrange a viewing of the collection there if members are interested. Then Member Roger Bellinger took the floor to show his wide-ranging collection and tell us of his adventures collecting them. He showed us a remnant of his childhood marble collection leading to his collection of South Pacific artifacts, acquired on circling the globe on the Brigantine Yankee during 1953-55. Included were a “magic box” from Pitcairn Island, fish hooks and combs, and a German-style swagger stick from Chuuk (not for strutting, but for poking potential girlfriends through the side of their huts, to test for mutual interest!) Roger claimed to have met the “real” Ugly American in Terragassim, Indonesia and described the origin of bungee jumping which wasn’t so dangerous and an excellent proof of manhood. Now Roger collects Japanese combs. He had one bit of advice he learned as he acquired as a collector. Always bargain and be prepared to walk away. The seller might come running after you! Members enjoyed a social hour and light repast provided by Li Lundin, Bill Won, Susan Burghardt, Vivien Stackpole and Millie Liu. Respectfully Submitted,
Susan Burghardt, Secretary
Minutes of the 6th Meeting, March 7th 2016
Asian Influenced Architecture in Hawaii
President Li Lundin called the meeting to order at 7:10PM in the Linekona Museum Art School. During the business meeting, Treasurer Leona Hee reported that the bank balance is $33,674.80 with the component Hacker Fund at $5,840. Vivien Stackpole said that there are around one hundred items donated for the May Annual Meeting Silent Auction so far. Member Millie Liu announced that Honolulu Museum Curator of Asian Art, Shawn Eichman will give SAAH members a special tour of the exhibit: Art in a Time of Chaos: Masterworks from Six Dynasties China, 3rd-6th Centuries on May 3rd. This show will open on April 28th. Li Lundin said that at the most recent board meeting, it was decided to explore joining the October WikiWiki Antiques Fair at Blaisdel Center to raise money. She also noted that she had testified at the Senate in support of the upcoming Honolulu Biennial. She said that the measure had passed out of committee and is before the Ways and Means Committee.
The first speaker, Don Hibbard, long-time Administrator of the Hawaii State Historic Preservation Office gave a slide presentation of the development of the Hawaiian architectural style, starting at the beginning of the 20th century. Various popular styles, particularly from California and Florida were overlaid with Asian decorative elements like those on the Alexander & Baldwin Building in Downtown, or more fully integrated, as architects with a deeper understanding of Asian building came to Hawaii, especially Vladimir Ossipoff. Some he particularly noted are Spalding House built for Mrs. Cooke by Hart Wood, the 1929 Chinese Christian Church on King St. and the Korean Church modeled on the Kyonggi Palace gate in Seoul.
Sidney Snyder then gave a slide presentation of the office building built in Hilo for the C. Brewer company by the Ossipoff architectural firm. He highlighted the open plan of a connected pavilion and the louvered panel doors, the roof sloped more steeply with a wide overhang, big courtyards, and interior free-flowing traffic patterns between offices. The above ground elevation and the building materials were chosen to age naturally and for lower upkeep. Mr. Ossipoff grew up in Japan and appreciated the skills and workmanship of the Japanese-Hawaiian workers, contributing to his successful integration of Asian architectural style in to Hawaii. The large crowd of members and guests sincerely appreciated their presentations.
Thanks to the Langworthys for the refreshments enjoyed by all after the meeting.
Susan Burghardt, Secretary
Susan Burghardt, Secretary
Minutes of February 13, 2016, at Maple Garden Restaurant
After a delicious New Year’s dinner, 93 Society members and their guests gathered in the banquet room of the Maple Garden to hear UH graduate David Lin discuss the production of Burmese jadeite into jewelry for his business, accompanied by slides of the jade mines and auctions in Burma. He also showed video of the production of an oval bangle from assessing the quality of raw stone to polished gleaming finished jewelry. Mr. Lin emphasized the color of a piece must be “alive” and not based on simply a degree of dark or light. As he talked, we watched the painstaking process of shaping by carefully grinding so as not to break by expert carvers at his factory in Ping Zhou, Guangdong. In addition to the smooth, gleaming bangle, we saw video of the design and carving of a peach pendant with monkeys. He said there are three grades of jade. Grade A is top grade and natural. He only works with this grade. B and C are treated with poisonous acid and polymer resin. It is cheap and sold in huge blocks from the Burmese quarries. Mr. Lin said it is visually difficult to identify grade B treated jade, but the cheaper price should be a good indication. He was emphatic about the danger of wearing jade treated this way. Mr. Lin closed his talk by commenting on exciting moments in his 46 years of trading in jade, first learning from his father and working at Gump’s in San Francisco. He particularly enjoyed owning and trading in a lavender jade necklace. He is a true connoisseur and collector!
Special thanks go to Bill Won for working with the Maple Garden to make our New Year of the Monkey a memorable feast! Also, thanks to Vivien Stackpole for inviting the guest speaker, to Didi Lau for the Chinese New Year monkey decorations, and to Bertie Lee for the auspicious centerpiece flower arrangements!
Respectfully Submitted, Susan Burghardt, Secretary
Minutes of Monday, Jan 4, 2016 at The Honolulu Museum of Art School (Formerly Linekona)
The Fourth Meeting of the 2015-2016 Season
President Li Lundin called the meeting to order at 7:05. First, in a short business meeting, Treasurer Leona Hee reported that the balance in the bank account is $32,816.40 with 46 paid members. The balance in the Hackler Fund remains the same as last month. John Kim, Membership Chair is working on a new member directory update. Vivien Stackpole announced that the Silent Auction will be held in May at the Annual Meeting. The information will be on the SAAH website in March. Please accompany any donations with a full description including: value, date of purchase, where acquired. Photographs of the items are helpful and could be put on the website. Secretary Susan Burghardt is present and taking notes. Bill Zanella reported that members 70.5 years of age and above may donate to SAAH from their IRA with tax advantage. Congress has made this rule permanent. He said the date for the Lunar New Year banquet (SAAH 5th Meeting) will be at the Maple Garden on February 13th. Li Lundin introduced her guest Marilyn Wong Gleysteen and James Langworthy his guest, Jim Levitt.
Li Lundin introduced the speaker who gave an overview of Chinese film from the silent era to the present. Historically, there was one film tradition in China until 1949. Professor Ning mentioned that several early films are available on YouTube. After 1949, there were three separate streams: PRC, ROC and HK. Mao said that film is “the most dangerous art form” so the film industry was an arm of the propaganda machine, notably producing 8 revolutionary operas, all with a didactic message. Then in the 1980’s a new “Fifth Generation” of directors, notably Zhang Yi Mou, Chen Kai Ge, and Tian Zhuangzhuang began to produce radically different films. Professor Ning described a continuum of film styles from realism with no artistic manipulation to highly staged formalism with classicism in between. More recently there is a “Sixth Generation” and an underground film group in the PRC. Since Taiwan was a colony of Japan from 1895 to 1945, the first films there were made under Japanese direction, featuring propaganda. After 1945, the first films made were in Taiwanese. Later, after the arrival of mainland forces in 1949, films were made in Mandarin Chinese emphasizing documentary realism. The pace of these films was notably slow. More recently, Ang Lee, has become a world famous director. He switched from the slow style to international style after graduating from NYU Film School. Hong Kong has a separate film industry. It is the only one to produce “Category 3” movies, i.e. involving sex, violence, religion and politics.
Professor Ning mentioned many films as examples of these traditions, styles and directors, far beyond the scope of this report accompanied by many wonderful pictures on her slides. We thank her for a comprehensive view of Chinese film! Afterward, approximately forty members and guests enjoyed the refreshments. Thank-yous also to Bill Won, Ernest Lee, Vivien Stackpole, Leona Hee, Millie Liu, Darryl Wong and John Kim for their help in making the New Year’s program successful!
Respectfully Submitted, Susan Burghardt, Secretary
Minutes of Monday, Nov. 2, 2015 at Maple Garden Restaurant 50 attended
President Li Lundin called the meeting to order at 7 PM and welcomed and introduced the guest speaker, Dr. Reginald Kwok, and invited guests.
Treasurer Leona Hee reported: Hackler Fund $5,840.00; SAAH Fund $27,299.86; Total First Hawaiian Bank balance: $33,139.86.
Li thanked members who have made generous donations in addition to annual dues. Didi Lau was lauded for volunteering to take the minutes as Secretary Susan is away. Members applauded Dr. Bill Won for the delicious selection of dishes from the menu.
Vivien Stackpole is collecting items for our February 13, 2016 Chinese New Year of the Monkey dinner auction. Please contact her if you want to contribute items. Li reported that she has received a pair of Balinese Lady Garudas stone sculpture, a beautiful Thai wooden standing angel, and an antique Mokur rug dated 1870, made by Yoruk Tribal nomads. These items will be posted on SAAH website soon.
“Fengshui Beijing: Evolution of the Chinese Capital Cityscape” was the topic of the presentation made by Dr. Reginald Kwok.
Guest speaker Dr. Kwok introduced basic feng (wind) shui (water) principles. Feng pertains to the cosmic stream flow in the air and shui pertains to the cosmic stream on the ground. Both incorporate the two aspects of yin and yang in the total Qi. The Yin school regards fengshui for the Dead, and yang pertains to the Living.
The location for a Chinese capital is a spatial arrangement selected to insure beneficial and auspicious results. According to fengshui principles the heaven and earth of man should be governed by a North-South and East-West axis with the most important part at the Center (Zhong), where the imperial residence (Gugong) is located. North (Bei) is represented by the black turtle, South (Nan) is the red phoenix, East (Dong) is the green dragon and West (Xi) is the white tiger. Of the twelve signs of the Chinese horoscope the dragon is the most important. Horoscope signs are affected by the five elements: metal, wood, water, fire and earth. Four quadrants are created by the NS and EW axis. The two northern quadrants incorporate the more prestigious or important aspects of the city, namely, residences of the aristocracy, research and development tech center, while the two southern quadrants are allocated to activities of lesser social importance, for example, the Muslim quarter, markets and even the Temple of Heaven, where the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties prayed for rain and good harvest for the people. The predecessors of the Qing dynasty, the Yuan and the Ming, had their capital’s spatial arrangements based on similar fengshui principles.
In a larger geographical context (via Google Map) Beijing is situated where there are three dragons, embraced by mountains in the north shaped like protective arms. South of the Imperial Palace was a large area for the ancestral shrine. It was leveled by the Communists and is now Tiananmen Square. Under the influence of London city urban planning they also created three ring roads. During the Asian Games of 1996 and the Beijing Olympics of 2008, fengshui principles were important in the site selection of important buildings, e.g. The Bird Nest in the northern quadrant. The meeting was adjourned at 8:30 PM.
Respectfully submitted by Didi Lau
Minutes of Monday, Oct. 5, 2015 at Linekona Room 101 35 attended
President Li Lundin called the meeting to order at 7 PM. Five Guests were introduced and welcomed. Bill Won and Ernest Lee procured the refreshment. Didi Lau took the minutes. They were recognized with much appreciation for their volunteering spirit.
Treasurer Leona Hee reported SAAH current total balance:
Hackler Fund $5,840.00
SAAH Fund $27,338.60
Treasurer Leona reported that 40 members have renewed their memberships. She urged the rest to hurry up to renew so that Membership chairs could update the Directory.
Guest speaker, Jay Jensen, Curator of Contemporary Art at the Honolulu Museum of Art, presented “Exploring the Past and the Now: Early 21st Century Asian Contemporary Art.”
The Chinese artists he introduced ranged from social realism to the irreverent. They appropriated traditional Chinese art, Western techniques and ideas to address social issues, subverting traditions and/or expressing purely their own fantasies.
Illustrating these concepts he showed works by:
• Feng Zhengjie (b. 1968)
• Zhang Hongtu (b. 1943)
• Ai Weiwei (b. 1957)
• Zhang Huan (b. 1965)
• Li Huayi (b. 1948)
• Yun-Fei Ji (b. 1963)
• Li Jin (b. 1958)
The Japanese artists he presented incorporated influences of Shinto animism, anime, manga, and social commentary.
• Takashi Murakami (b. 1962)
• Aida Makoto (b. 1965)
• Konoike Tomoko (b. 1960)
• Konhei Nawa (b. 1975)
Members responded enthusiastically to the lecture. Mr. Jensen mentioned that in 2017 at the Honolulu Museum of Art there will be a traveling exhibition of contemporary Chinese ink in which Liu Huayi and Yun-Fei Ji’s work are included. The meeting was adjourned at 8 PM.
Respectfully submitted, Didi Lau
Minutes, Sept. 7, 2015, Membership Meeting, Gallery, East-West Center
The first meeting of the 2015-16 program year was held at the Art Gallery of the East-West Center. Approximately 35 members were in attendance. Reports and comments were made by Dr. William Won, vice president, and Li Lundin, president. A presentation was made by Prof. Cheri Vasek, Assistant Professor of Costume Design and Technology at the University of Hawaii—Manoa.
President’s Report—Li Lundin
The president thanked Dr. Michael Schuster and Eric Chang for opening the Gallery on the Labor Day holiday and for hosting the lecture. Thanks were given to William Feltz for assistance in setting up for the evening’s meeting, and to Dr. Zanella who agreed to take minutes in lieu of secretary Susan Burkhardt, who will return to Hawaii in October. The two 2015-16 scholarship students (see below) were welcomed, as was the evening’s speaker, Dr. Vasek. Li asked that the minutes of May, 2015, annual meeting be approved. The minutes were accepted, following motions to do so and a second to the motion by, respectively, Millie Liu and Vivien Stackpole. Dan and Jane Katayama were thanked for procuring the refreshments and Dr. William and Karlyn Pearl for the generous gift of wine.
The president also mentioned that the Board of Directors and several officers and committee chairs met in mid-May and late July to review issues and set policies for the new program year. The Society has a new Aina Haina post office box: PO Box 240721, Honolulu, HI 96824. Members who had not yet paid dues were encouraged to send the membership form and dues to this address.
To educate ourselves on the requirements and responsibilities for being an Internal Revenue Service-approved non-profit organization, Li announced that the Society is now a member of HANO (Hawaii Association of Non-Profit Organizations). Treasurer Leona Hee is going to attend a HANO-sponsored workshop on Sept. 17 at Chaminade University on non-profit governance and conflict of interest issues, along with reviews on updated IRS federal tax policies, non-profit audit matters and ethical policies. HANO is a rich resource for relevant information and documents, plus occasional workshops, to assist SAAH in managing its tax-free, non-profit status.
Because of the controversial doubling of scholarship grants last program year and the lack of fund raising to support these increases, it was reported that the Society was facing a challenging budgetary situation. The Society is committed to raising additional funds to support new scholarships, while also cutting back on expenses. It was agree that the meeting budget for refreshments was reduced from $200 to $150. Also, in contrast to the last awards, the Society has granted only two scholarships this year, each in the amount of $2500 (one funded by SAAH members and the other by the Hackler Scholarship Fund).
In regards to how much money a non-profit is expected to distribute in scholarships and grants annually, Li said that the notion that 80% of SAAH funds must be given away to comply with IRS regulation needs to be corrected. Non-profits are encouraged to build reserve funds equal to two or three times the highest annual operating budget of the past 3 years. Consequently, the Society can safely put $50-80,000 in to a reserve account for rainy days. She also reminded the members that educating our youth about Asian art and is the best legacy we can contribute to the broader community.
To increase funds and the membership, a campaign to increase the number of dues paying members from the current approximately 55 to 90 will be launched. Also the Board has agreed to have two silent auctions of members’ contributed art objects, one at he annual Chinese New Year banquet and the other at the annual May banquet. Members having items to donate for the auctions are asked to contact Vivien Stackpole with a detailed description of each item along with a photo. This information will then be posted on the Society’s web page for viewing prior to the banquets. The Society’s new web site, designed and managed by Kamran Samimi is: www.saahhawaii.org
The Board is also reviewing the By-laws and attempting to update them since there appears to be two different versions, with or without amendments, in existence.
Treasurer’s Report—Leona Hee
Leona is recuperating from recent eye surgery, so the report was presented by
Dr. William Won. Currently, the total balance is $31,803.60, including the Hackler Fund. Li thanked Dr. Won for his contribution of $1000 and kudos were also given to Jane and Dan Katayama for a $500 contribution. The Katayamas were also recognized for contributing all the leis for the annual banquet meeting. Additional contributions were made by some members when they submitted their annual dues. It was noted that as of this date only 17 members had renewed their memberships and those who had not yet done so were encouraged to return the mailed membership form along with a dues payment.
Presentation of Scholarships
Checks for $2500 were presented to the two 2015-16 scholarship awardees, Anna Reynolds (introduced by Dr. Won) and Kamran Moen-Samimi (introduced by Li Lundin). For information about their qualifications and backgrounds, please see at the end of the minutes the essays each wrote for their scholarship applications.
Dr. Won said that he was pleased to see everyone and was glad that the Society was “still a viable organization,” given the changes that occurred last spring, with the resignation of the previous president, vice-president and secretary. He reminded everyone that we should all do our part by operating the Society according to the By-laws and Internal Revenue Service regulations for non-profit organizations. Member Indru Watamull said she was not familiar with what had happened last spring and asked for details. Dr. Won said that he would discuss these matters privately with her and anyone else, rather than rehashing in public matters that were now in the past.
Featured Speaker—Professor Cheri Vasek
Prof. Vasek is Assistant Professor, Costume Design and Technology, University of Hawaii—Manoa. She teaches a variety of courses at beginning, intermediate and advanced levels. She has designed costumes for UHM, University of Wyoming, University of Idaho, Idaho Repertory Theatre, Washington State University, Central Washington University, University of West Virginia, The Electric Theatre Company (Pennsylvania) and The Road Company (Tennessee).
Throughout the United States, Prof. Vasek has worked as a costume craftsperson in several professional regional theatres including The Guthrie Theatre (Minneapolis) and American Conservatory Theatre (San Francisco). She was the head Costume Dyer at the Santa Fe Opera for four seasons (2003-2005 and 2008). Prof. Vasek’s current research interest investigates Costume Designers in the Indian Film Industry. She previously talked to the Society about Bollywood attire seen in films and the fashion industry.
Her presentation, illustrated with slides, focused on how in the late 20th century, as the forces of modernization weakened the demands for traditional textiles in India, many hand crafts were considered to be “dying art.” Her talk focused on inventive transformations that have revitalized the production and marketing of traditional textiles, through cooperatives, small-scale charitable trusts, and independent fashion designers.
1. SEWA, Self-Employed Women’s Association, founded in1972 as a registered trade union to assist poor, self-employed women considered “informal” or “unprotected workers—vegetable sellers, seamstresses, milk producers, cigarette workers and incense producers. This organization started in 1999 the SEWA Bank by which women can make deposits of a minimum of 40 rupees and the capital raised could be used for micro-financing loans. These loans are quite helpful to women and the repayment rate in ninety-six percent. This group also promotes vocational and literacy training. Internet site: www.sewa.org
2. NCUI, National Cooperative Union of India, started in 104, and now having 250 million members. This organization addresses the financial inequities of agricultural workers and promotes rural development enterprises. Its successes include establishing banks, credit unions and craft cooperatives. Internet site: nciu.coop/welcome
3. Sadhna, Women’s Handicraft Enterprise, begun in 1988 in Rajasthan to help its 700 female artisan members to gain alternative incomes for the poor in cities and the countryside. This group promotes appliqué and running stitch or tanka embroidery, and runs 3 retail shops and an internet marketing website: www.sadhna.org
4. Mukti Mahili Samity Collective, set up in 1985 by Kathleen Loeks and Onma Mondai, with the goal to “Link Hands for Humanity” by helping victims of domestic violence. The group works with women producing kantha embroidery, a Bengal traditional art form, employing quilted running stitches to produce products featuring folk motifs such as the lotus, tree of life and the sun. Its 50 female members work with cotton and tussah silk, mostly recycled as thread. Their products are marketed through the Santa Fe International Folk Art Market.
5. NIFT, National Institute of Fashion Technology, begun in 1987 by the Indian Government’s Ministry of Textiles. It is now located in 15 cities throughout India and 2 more sites are being planned. Website: www.nift.ac.in
6. Hamstech Institute, Hyderbad, established in 1992, promotes traditional textiles and designs in fashion and interior design. This organization has strong connections to the film industry and many stars and models feature their products in their striking attire.
The remainder of the talk focused on individual designers and personalities, including Sabasachi Mukherjee, Sharbi Datta, Shravan Kumar Ramaswamy, Neeta Lulla and others. The craft of kalmkari, “crafting with a pen,” was also discussed.
The presentation concluded with a short tour with Prof. Vasek, questions and answers, followed by refreshments in the adjoining reception area.